Sunset Boulevard (Paramount, 1950)
Starring William Holden, Gloria Swanson, Erich von Stroheim and Nancy Olson
Directed by Billy Wilder
Screenplay by Charles Brackett, Billy Wilder and D.M. Marshman, Jr.
Winner of the Academy Award for Best Writing (Story & Screenplay), Best Music/Score and Best Art/Set Direction (Black & White)
Also nominated for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor (Holden), Best Actress (Swanson), Best Supporting Actor (von Stroheim), Best Supporting Actress (Olson), Best Film Editing and Best Cinematography (Black & White)
Joe Gillis (Holden) is a failed screenwriter on the verge of having his car repossessed and his Hollywood dreams dashed. While trying to evade the repo men, a blown tire sends him into the driveway of a seemingly deserted old Hollywood mansion that turns out to be occupied by forgotten silent film star Norma Desmond (Swanson) and her devoted butler Max (von Stroheim).
Norma Desmond was once one of the greatest stars in Hollywood, but those days were ended by sound. But while the world has moved on, time has stood still for Norma. Her home is still decorated in the fashion of her Hollywood heyday and is a shrine to Norma Desmond, movie star, littered with countless pictures of Norma in her heyday and a screening room where only her old films are shown. She even retains the exotic, expensive car purchased during her glory days - a leopard upholstered 1929 Issota-Fraschini.
Norma is under the delusion that fans eagerly await her return to the screen and she plots her comeback with a film version of Salome that she has written herself. When she discovers that Joe is a screenwriter she ropes him into reading the self-indulgent, horrifically written script, which she plans on sending to her former director, Cecil B. DeMille. Broke and in debt, Joe leads Norma into hiring him to polish the script for her. But he has no idea what he's getting into, as Norma becomes increasingly controlling and infatuated with him, while keeping him financially dependent on her. As the months pass, Norma's desperate desire to reclaim her stardom pushes her further away from reality. When Joe falls for a beautiful young aspiring screenwriter (Olson) while working on a script with her behind Norma's back, deadly jealousy sends the former star completely over the edge.
Sunset Boulevard is merciless in its portrayal of the cruelty Hollywood can inflict on those desperate for its approval. When Norma shows up on DeMille's set to discuss Salome, one of his crew comments, "Norma Desmond? I thought she was dead." Another cracks, "She must be a million years old." They don't mean to be cruel, but the comments reinforce the reality that Norma's days in the spotlight are long gone. DeMille, while fond of Norma, doesn't have the heart to tell her that Salome - still an awful script - is never going to happen, especially not with her in the youthful title role. And in a particularly cruel twist, it turns out that the phone calls coming from Paramount - which Norma believes to be DeMille's attempts to set up the project - turn out to be from another producer on the lot who spotted the unusual Issota-Fraschini and wants to rent it for a Bing Crosby movie.
Norma is 100% movie star, in every aspect of her life, even after her stardom has long passed. Her whole life is a performance. She is incapable of moving on without the adoration of "those wonderful people out there in the dark" and it is her undoing. It doesn't help that the devoted Max (who in a particularly disturbing scene, is revealed to not only be a former director of Norma's who originally discovered her, but also her first husband) plays along with her delusion in an attempt to protect her fragile psyche. It is Max who writes the fan letters that keep alive Norma's dreams of returning to the screen and Max who refuses confirm the real reason for the calls from Paramount. And in the end, after Norma has completely broken with reality, it is Max who directs her down the staircase as news cameras roll, culminating in the famous line, "All right Mr. DeMille, I'm ready for my closeup." But it is her comments a few moments earlier: "This is my life...there's nothing else...," that tell you everything you need to know about Norma Desmond and why she was unequipped to deal with life outside the Hollywood spotlight.
Some Sunset Boulevard facts and trivia:
- The original opening scene had Joe Gillis in the morgue sharing the strange tale of his demise with his fellow corpses, but it flopped with test audiences and was replaced with Gillis floating in the pool. The Sunset Boulevard DVD includes the "Morgue Prologue" script pages, along with corresponding footage. The clips are silent because the sound elements have been lost.
- Gloria Swanson almost passed on the film because Wilder wanted her to do a screen test. Luckily she was eventually persuaded to test by George Cukor, who had recommended her to Wilder for the role.
- The exterior of Norma's residence was a real house, not located on the titular street, but on the corner of S. Irving Boulevard and Wilshire Boulevard, about six miles east of where the house's movie address (10086 Sunset Boulevard) would have placed it. The house did not have a swimming pool, so one was installed for the film. The mansion also appeared in Rebel Without a Cause. In typical Los Angeles style, the house was eventually torn down and an office building now sits on the site. Interiors were shot on a sound stage.
- Joe's residence, the Alto Nido apartments, was also a real location and the apartments are still there, located at 1851 N. Ivar Street in Hollywood. It "opened in 1930 as Hollywood's Premiere Apartment Hotel primarily for actors". I briefly considered checking it out when I was apartment hunting and thinking about staying in Hollywood, but they don't allow pets.
- Because of its scathing treatment of Hollywood, the film had the working title "Can of Beans" during production to avoid detection of its true intention.
- Cecil B. DeMille, who appears as himself, was in the process of filming Samson and Delilah when his scenes for Sunset Boulevard were shot on his set on Paramount's Stage 18. DeMille's compensation for his appearance included a new Cadillac.
- The Oscar losses were to All About Eve (Picture), Joseph L. Mankiewicz (Director, All About Eve), Jose Ferrer (Actor, Cyrano de Bergerac), Judy Holliday (Actress, Born Yesterday), George Sanders (Supporting Actor, All About Eve), Josephine Hull (Supporting Actress, Harvey), King Solomon's Mines (Editing) and The Third Man (Cinematography).
- Brackett, Wilder and Marshman also won the Writers Guild Award for Best Written American Drama.
- Other actresses considered for the role of Norma Desmond included Greta Garbo, Mae West, Pola Negri (whose own film career had been ruined by talkies due to her heavy Polish accent), Norma Shearer and somewhat surprisingly, Mary Pickford. Actors considered for Joe included Montgomery Clift (who was signed but dropped out shortly before shooting was to begin), Fred MacMurray, Marlon Brando and Gene Kelly.
- Gossip columnist Hedda Hopper, who appears as herself at the end of the film, was originally an actress. Her career began in 1917, during the silent film era.
- Sunset Boulevard has a staggering 98% fresh rating at Rotten Tomatoes.
The film was preceded by a Warner Bros. short, A Star is Bored, in which janitor Daffy Duck, jealous of Bug Bunny's film success, ends up serving as Bugs' unfortunate stunt double in a stab at attaining stardom.
Sunset Boulevard on imdb - Billy Wilder on imdb - William Holden on imdb - Gloria Swanson on imdb - Gloria Swanson Tribute Site - Erich von Stroheim on imdb - Nancy Olson on imdb -
Sunset Boulevard on Rotten Tomatoes - Sunset Boulevard film locations